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The National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine at the request of the National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) and with guidance from the National Academies’ Standing Committee on Aerospace Medicine and the Medicine of Extreme Environments, has established a committee to review NASA’s Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks. These evidence reports focus on human health risks for long-duration and exploration spaceflights. To review the eight NASA evidence reports that were examined in 2016, the National Academies assembled a 13-member committee with multidisciplinary expertise.
This 2016 letter report is fourth in a series of five National Academies’ reports that will review the more than 30 NASA evidence reports (IOM, , , ). This report examines the quality of the evidence, analysis, and overall construction of each evidence report; identifies existing gaps in report content; and provides suggestions for additional sources of expert input. This report also builds on the 2008 IOM report, , which assessed the process for developing NASA’s evidence reports and provided an initial and brief review of NASA’s original evidence report.